Cosmetic Bioglitter
Frequently Asked Questions

What is Cosmetic Bioglitter?

Cosmetic Bioglitter is a glitter produced from a special biodegradable film that is certified compostable. The biodegradable element of the glitter is derived from sustainable sources and does not contain genetically modified materials or materials obtained from genetically modified organisms. Cosmetic Bioglitter offers the same precision cut and highly reflective properties as Cosmetic Polyester (PET) glitter.

What is Cosmetic Bioglitter made from?

Cosmetic Bioglitter is made from a special biodegradable film which is derived from sustainable and environmentally sourced raw materials, produced and harvested to FSC standards.

How long does it take for Cosmetic Bioglitter to biodegrade?

Rate of biodegradation is dependent upon composting conditions. The biodegradable film is accredited according to the standards referred to in the previous FAQ. Cosmetic Bioglitter has the advantage that most glitter particle sizes in the product range are already <2mm in size and immediately pass the disintegration criteria for the standard.

Will Cosmetic Bioglitter biodegrade in sea water?

The biodegradable film used in Cosmetic Bioglitter biodegrades in sea water in accordance with the standard ASTM D7081-05.

Does Cosmetic Bioglitter contain Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)?

No ‘genetically modified materials’ are used in the production process and based on information from our Suppliers none of the materials used to formulate Cosmetic Bioglitter are obtained from GMO’s.

Is Cosmetic Bioglitter suitable for vegetarians and vegans?

Yes

Is Cosmetic Bioglitter free of the 14 common food allergens?

Yes

What conditions are required for biodegradation to occur?

Heat, water and oxygen are required for effective biodegradation by microorganisms. Biodegradable plastics are metabolised by micro-organisms which transform the bioplastic product into carbon dioxide, water and biomass.

Will Cosmetic Bioglitter biodegrade on the shelf in dry form?

Cosmetic Bioglitter is very stable and will not biodegrade on the shelf. Biodegradation will only be initiated in a soil, compost or waste-water environment where micro-organisms are present.

Can Cosmetic Bioglitter be recycled with paper or board?

It can be successfully recycled with carton-board but not currently recommended for mechanical recycling with paper.

Can Cosmetic Bioglitter be incinerated?

Yes.

Can Cosmetic Bioglitter be thermally recycled?

As it is not a thermoplastic material it is not recommended.

What official standards are used to test for compostability?

The European (EN13432) and American (ASTM D6400) standards define the tests required to demonstrate the compostability of a material. Other countries have their own version although there is an ISO standard (ISO 17088:2012(en) which should allow for harmonisation. There are four main parts to the test:
1 Material characterisation (including heavy metals)
2 Biodegradation (measures the breakdown to carbon dioxide, water and biomass. Requirement is for >90% biodegradation in 180 days, or >60% for ASTM D6400)
3 Disintegration (the material must physically break down into pieces to give >90% at <2mm residues
within 90 days)
4 Ecotoxicity (ensures no toxic material is produced which can adversely affect plant growth)
The standards measure suitability for industrial composting. For home compostability, the same criteria must be met but under ambient conditions, according to the OK Compost Home Standard.

Does Cosmetic Bioglitter® meet the requirements of EN13432 and ASTM D6400?

The biodegradable film used in Cosmetic Bioglitter is certified to these norms for compostable packaging and is eligible to carry the seedling logo from Din Certco and the certification marks of the BPI and AIB Vinçotte, where applicable. It is also certified by AIB Vinçotte for home compostability according to the OK Compost Home standard.

Does Cosmetic Bio-glitter® satisfy the requirements of EC Cosmetics Regulation 1223/2009 and FDA Title 21 CFR Cosmetic Regulations?

Yes.

Is Bioglitter antimony free?

Yes (ICP-MS <5ppm, the limit of the test method). No antimony is used in the production process. Has animal testing been used in the development or production of Cosmetic Bioglitter? No. Does Cosmetic Bioglitter satisfy European Toy Safety Standards? Yes, both EN71-2: 2011 for flammability and EN71-3: 2013 A1: 20014 for migration of certain elements.


HOW TO TELL IF GLITTER IS ACTUALLY BIODEGRADABLE and ABOUT OTHER “BIODEGRADABLE” GLITTERS

(from our manufacturer’s representative)

REGARDING OTHER “Biodegradable Glitters”

“The holo that our competitors has is based on traditional regenerated cellulose (trade name cellophane). Although chemically the same, it’s structurally different from Bioglitter. Similar principle to Carbon; although chemically the same, diamond is different from graphite. Cellophane technology was around before plastics. Sustainable yes, but very different in biodegradability terms to Bioglitter. In fact, in the natural environment, cellophane is extremely slow to degrade and will not pass any biodegradable standards.”

Q: Have you heard of the Chinese companies also selling biodegradable glitter?

A: I’ve heard of many stories about other glitters that are supposed to be biodegradable—quite a few from China, however they have all been polyester with a marketing message that it biodegrades. Which is not wrong… It just takes a few hundred years and is not really in the spirit of what biodegradability is all about!

There is a very simple test to see if your bioglitter is truly biodegradable! It may look a little dodgy but it’s a very effective test; heat the glitter up on tin foil with a naked flame from beneath.

All other glitters, PET, Holographic PET, Iridescent glitter AND PLA glitter will melt, produce synthetic-smelling smoke, and when cool, it remains stuck to the foil. 

Bioglitter  behaves how you would expect wood or paper to burn…. It chars, smolders, and produces natural smoke that smells more like wood or paper burning. When cool, only loose ash remains and the foil remains clean with nothing stuck to it.

So to sum it up, Bioglitter when tested via burning shows how a natural product behaves, and others glitters result in how you would expect plastic to behave when burning.

Check it out for yourself… it will be interesting to see how the Chinese glitter behaves…